An Introduction To Port Wine

Instead of writing another article about the best wine cooler or about how to decant wine, I have decided to try something different and write about port wine. Port wine is the type of wine that everyone who enjoys wine should know, whether they are a novice or a true aficionado. That’s because it is a wine that will blow guest away, especially if it is stored, chilled and served properly. Let’s take a few moments to learn about this type of wine so you can impress the guests at your next party.

Port wine is a wine fortified with aguardente that is only made in one place in the world and that one place is in the Douro Valley in Portugal. When this wine is manufactured it has to conform to a myriad of different rules and regulations as set forth by the Instituto dos Vinhos do Douro e do Porto. This means that it not only must conform to strict quality control guidelines but must also be marked by a seal that reads: Vinho do Porto Garantia. Therefore, it is pretty easy to determine if the wine you just picked up is port or not.

Port wine is generally divided into two categories. There is bottle aged port and barrel aged port. The difference between the two is generally taste, color and viscosity. Barrel aged port tends to have an oak taste, is thicker and is darker in color.

Ruby Port: The lowest quality and least expensive of the port wines is Ruby Port. This type of wine is usually pretty fragile and most be consumed fairly quickly or it will go bad. However, it is fairly inexpensive and is a good wine to serve with cheese or dessert.

Ruby Reserve Port: This is the next port up. It is blended from several different port vintages. It is aged for five years and is less fragile than Ruby Port.

Late Bottled Vintage Port: This is the next best port. It is aged for a minimum of four years and is not a blend of different ports but a port with a specific vintage. This makes it a good mid-range port.

Tawny Ridge: This type of port is one of the best varieties. It’s aged anywhere from 10 to 40 years, and it has a unique fruitiness.

Vintage Port: This is absolutely the best port wine you can buy. It’s aged for 2 years in a barrel and then its transferred to a bottle where it spends the next 20 years. This type of port is only bottled during exceptional years and as a result, it may only be bottled 2 to 3 times a decade.

That is all that you need to know about port. There is only one more thing that I want to say to you before you go out and buy a bottle. Be sure to check wine cooler reviews and pick the best cooler you can because this is a wine that deserves the best storage conditions possible.


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